History of Avocado Fruit Plant
Avocado Fruit Plant have scientific name Persea Americana Mill.Persea gratissima Gaerth. Avocado Fruit Plant comes from Mexico and Central America, forms a lush canopy with plant height can reach 20 m. Avocado producing areas in Indonesia in West Java, East Java, parts of Sumatra, South Sulawesi, and Nusa Tenggara.
Ecology of Avocado Fruit Plant
Avocado Fruit Plant is single-leaved, growing squashed at the end of a twig shaped until around the egg lengthwise. Leaf length ranges from 12-25 cm. Avocado Fruit Plant grow well in the lowlands up to the plateau at an elevation of 200-1000 m above sea level and have a resistance to an air temperature of 15-30oC or more. To grow optimally, avocado plants require 40-80% sunlight and an optimum temperature of 12.8-28.3oC. The minimum rainfall required for its growth ranges from 750-1000 mm/year. In areas with less than minimum rainfall (2-6 dry months), plants can still grow if the groundwater depth is a maximum of 2m.
Type Flower of Avocado Fruit Plant
The avocado flower is of two genes, arranged on a panicle out near the tip of the twig, yellow-green. Despite the sex of two, self-pollination never occurred. Avocado flowers are dichogamy, pistil and thread the juices do not coincide. Pistil flower works if cross-pollinated with flowers coming from other plants.
Type Fruit of Avocado Fruit Plant
The Avocado Fruit has a buni type, soft skin, uneven, dark green to purple-brown, depending on the variety. The fruit flesh that is close to the skin is light green and that is close to the yellowish seed with a soft texture. Avocado Fruits are an important source of carotenoids, phytonutrients, and essential amino acids necessary for the body to form a complete protein can raise HDL (good “cholesterol”) levels that can also help protect the body from free-radical damage, regulate triglyceride levels, and prevent diabetes.
Benefit from Fruit of Avocado Fruit Plant
Avocado fruits can prevent inflammation because they contain unique combinations such as vitamin C and E, selenium, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids and others.
Cultivation of Avocado Fruit Plant
Avocado nursery can use several ways, namely to grow from seed to adulthood, or by grafting techniques. Avocado plants that come from seeds take a long time. Even up to tens of years to be able to bear fruit. For cultivation, the plant seedlings used are generally seedlings from the process of grafting or grafting. The bottom of the plant comes from grow plants from seedling (seedling) and the top of the plant comes from the buds of twigs of mature plants that already bear fruit and good fruit quality. Avocado plants derived from grafting seedlings. The average has begun to bear fruit at the age of 3-5 years after planted and treated and nurtured properly