About Biriba, Wild sugar apple Rollinia deliciosa
Biriba or Wild sugar apple have scientific name Rollinia deliciosa; and synonym Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill; Wild Sugar Apple, Rollinia deliciosa plant originated from Tropical America, widely found in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Argentina.
Ecology and Anatomy of Wild Sugar Apple fruit plant
Wild Sugar Apple fruit plant growth is very fast with a height of 4-15 m. This plant can grow well in the lowlands to a height of 600 m above sea level. Besides can be eaten directly, ripe fruit can also be processed into a mixture of ice cream.
Plants leafy compound, leaf children composed pinnate-shaped oval, leaf length 15-27 cm with a width of 7.5-10 cm. Flowers lie on twigs, resembling chicken feathers that curve upward and smell nice. Stamens are numerous, elongated, and there is a sari sac at the end. Fruit-haired and long shaped pistil-shaped stalk. The size of the fruit reaches 1.7 kg and the skin of the fruit is decorated by a protrusion that resembles a horn with green skin when it is young and turns yellowish after the ripe fruit. The fruit flesh is soft, no fiber, and a little watery. Sweet fruit with a flavor mix between “srikaya” and mango, typical flavor.
Wild sugar apple cultivation mostly uses seeds derived from seeds.
The process of seeding the seeds using porous and moist media, such as sand and charcoal husk. The time it takes seeds to grow ranges from 21 to 40 days after being stocked. Seeds that are already 6-7 can be moved to larger pots before planted in the field. Plants derived from these seeds can grow quickly and large as long as their nutritional needs are met. At the age of 2-3 years, Biriba plant has started flowering.
Another technique that is often used to reproduce Biriba plants is dg technique grafting shoot or grafting. Usually used as a rootstock for this connection process is Annona plant which is still a close relative of this Biriba. Annona plants from this seed are very good as rootstock, because of system root strong, and can be compatible with Biriba.
The top rod (entrees) used is the stem of Biriba grown adult plant and healthy. This grafting process takes about 3-4 months for the plant to be ready for planting. The advantages of the bias connecting or grafting Biriba this is able to bear fruit faster than plants derived from seeds. When it was about 1 year old, the Biriba plant originating from the connecting process had begun to learn to blossom.
Pollination of Biriba
Flower of Biriba is considered a flower that is not easy to powder themselves. This is due to the maturity of p (flowers males) and pistil (female flowers) are not simultaneous. This plant other than planted on the ground can also be planted in pots as a page decorator and has a high economic value.