About Dragon Fruit Hylocereus sp.
Dragon fruit plants originated from Mexico and northern South America (Colombia), then spread to the Indochina (Vietnam), Japan, and to Indonesia. There are several species of dragon fruit, among others.
(1) Hylocereus undatus, red fruit, white flesh;
(2) Hylocereus polyrhizus, pink fruit, and red flesh;
(3) Hylocereus costacirensis, bright red fruit;
(4) Selenicereus megalanthus, yellow fruit, and white flesh.
Ecology of Dragon Fruit
The plants are rooted in fibers that develop in the soil, the upper trunk serves as a hanging root. The roots grow along the stem on the part back fins at the corners of the stem. The triangle-shaped, spiked rod is very short and inconspicuous, so it is dubbed the “thorny cactus”.
Type Of Flower
Flowers bloom early in the evening when the flower buds are about 30 cm in size. Flower Crown the outside is cream-colored, blooming at around 9:00 pm, then followed by a deep-bleached inner crown, including a number of yellow stamens.
The flower is fully open at midnight so the dragon fruit is known as night blooming cereus. At full bloom, dragon fruits spread the fragrant aroma to lure bats pollinate the flowers.
Type of Fruit
Plants thrive if the planting medium is porous, rich in nutrients, sandy, enough sun, and temperature between 38-40 ° C. The dragon fruit is round rather oval-sized avocado fruit. The fruit skin is red for the type of white dragon fruit red, dark red for black dragon fruit, and yellow for yellow dragon fruit. The whole skin is filled with fringe tassels that are analogous to the dragon scales so-called dragon fruit. Dragon fruit contains lots of vitamin C, beta-carotene, calcium, and fiber, lowers cholesterol, blood sugar balancing, and prevents hypertension.
Cultivation of Dragon Fruits
The cultivation of this plant is mostly done by stem cuttings that come from mature plants that have often bear fruit. If the treatment is good enough, at the age of 1 year after planting, this plant has started to grow and bear fruit.
The cultivation of this plant for the scale of the plantation, usually using concrete pillars or woody trees as a place to raise upwards.
In addition to stem cuttings, this plant can also grow from a very small seed that many in the fruit, then sowing in tissue paper that is moistened. After the seed looks sprout, then transferred to the appropriate planting medium.
To get a good quality of fruit, when the flower bat night, bloom pollination can be assisted by humans, by applying pollen from the yarn of japan flower to the female pistil head. So the resulting fruit will maximum, both quality and size, as long as the nutrients are met.