bout Durio zibethinus Fruit
Durio zibethinus Fruit Plant comes from Southeast Asia with a center of diversity in Borneo. This annual plant is flushing, which at a certain time grows new leaves after the fruiting period is over. Shade and tenant hose, plant height can reach 25-50 m. Durio zibethinus Fruit Plant can grow in lowland to an altitude of 1,000 m asl, the best production at an altitude of 400-600 m above sea level with an optimum temperature of 22-30 ° C, rainfall 1,500-2,500 mm / year that is spread evenly throughout the year. Dry period lasting for 1-2 the moon will stimulate the inflorescence better.
Ecology of Durio zibethinus Fruit Plant
Durio zibethinus Fruit Plant grow well in deep, light, and well-drained soils with neutral acidity and groundwater depth no more than 1 m. . Jorong-shaped leaves up to lanceolate, 10-15 (-17) cm × 3-4,5 (-12.5) cm, lie in an alternate, stemmed, tapered or blunted and tapered ends. The upper side of the leaf is bright green, the underside of the leaf is covered with silver or golden scales. Flowers and fruits arise from the branches that are at the base, grouped in essays containing 3-10 florets in the shape of or panicle.
Flower buds rounded with a diameter of about 2 cm and long stem. Flower petals with a tube length ± 3 cm, additional petals split into 2-3 round egg-shaped lobes. Flowers begin to bloom in the afternoon. And they spread the scent that comes from the nectar gland at the base to attract the attention of bats as the main pollinator. The flower-shaped crown, about twice the length of the petals, amounts to five strands, whitish. The number of stamens is many, divided into five files. The pistil forms a nod with a hairy stalk. Each fruit usually has five spaces, each filled with three or more seeds. Seeds wrapped by fruit flesh with varying colors, from white to light yellow, even orange and red with varying thickness.
Benefit of Durio zibethinus Fruit
Fruit contains vitamin B, vitamin C, iron, potassium. Also contains some mineral as magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, thiamin, riboflavin, omega 3 and 6, carbohydrates, unsaturated fats, and proteins. Phytonutrients are able to kill cancer-causing substances, boost immunity, and prevent cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. Phytosterol improves reactions antitumor in the body, improve body resistance against cancer, and help inhibit tumor growth.
Vitamin B6 can help produce the hormone serotonin that serves to prevent the risk of stress and depression. The content of amino tryptophan increases serotonin levels in the brain.