About Malay Apple Fruit Syzygium malaccense L.
The origin of plants Malay Apple Fruit Syzygium malaccense L is unknown, but the guava has been cultivated on a regular basis wide in Malaysia, Sumatra, and Java. Plant height can reach 15 m. The stems are straight, low-branched and densely covered, giving a heavy shade. Single-type leaf located opposite, short stalk with size 1.0-1.5 cm, thick and reddish on when young. Elongated leaf blade, measuring 15-38 x 7-20 cm, thick slightly stiff.
Ecology of Malay Apple Fruit
Plants adapt widely to tropical environments, ranging from the plains low to 1,200 m altitude, grow well in areas with rainfall of 500-3000 mm/year and 40-80% of sunlight intensity. The ideal temperature for growth is 18-28 ° C and 50-80% air humidity.
The Flower Of Malay Apple Fruit
The wreaths appear on the leafless part of the branch (often on the branch near the main stem), short stalks and flocking, containing 1-12 buds. Red flowers are somewhat purple or orange, four in number, diameter 5-7 cm, the tube length of 1.5-2 cm petals. Crown is red, oval-shaped, round egg or round, measuring 1.5-2 cm. Many threads, with length up to 3.5 cm. The length of the stalk ranges between 3-4,5 cm. Fruit type buni, round to push, with a line middle 5-8 cm, dark red, purplish yellow, or whitish.
Benefit of Malay Apple Fruit
Fruit solid, thick with the size of 0.5-2.5 cm, white, lots of juice and has a distinctive aroma, sweet to sweet sour taste. The number of seeds one, round shape browned with 2.5-3.5 cm diameter. Guava contains fiber, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, ascorbic acid, and niacin, believed to overcome constipation, diabetes, cough, headache, and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the airways. Seeds, bark, and leaves have antibiotic and can lower blood pressure. Stem bark can be used as a cancer remedy, while the wood is hard and reddish quite well as a building material not subject to land.