About Dewandaru Fruit Plants
Dewandaru Fruit Plants have scientific name Eugenia uniflora L, and have synonym Eugenia micnelii Lamk. Dewandaru fruit plants are widespread in South America especially in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay. The spread of this plant in Indonesia covers Java and Sumatra. Plants are shrubs that grow annually with a height of more than 5 m. Stems erect woody, round, and brown. The leaves are green, a single leaf spread, oval-shaped with a pointed tip and base tapering. The edges of leaves are flat, leaf bones pinnate with length more than 5 cm and width 4 cm.
Characteristic of Dewandaru Fruit Plants
Leaves useful for lowering cholesterol, blood pressure, and lipid metabolism that serves to protect triglycerides and lipoproteins are very low.
Leaves also contain high anti-inflammatory substances. Single-shaped flower inlaid with two small green leaf protectors. Flower petal titled 3-5, stamens many with white color. Spiky shaped cylindrical, nail flower crown and yellow. Dewandaru fruit type buni round with a diameter of about 1.5 cm and red. The seeds are small, hard, and brown.
Dewandaru plants can grow from lowland to altitude of 1,800 m asl with full sun and moderate rainfall, able to survive in long dry season. The red color of Dewandaru fruit showed the compound content found in phenolic compounds, carotenoids. In leaf, Dewandaru found phenolic compounds. Carotenoids and phenolic efficacious as antioxidants to fight free radicals that enter the human body. In Brazilian folk medicine, Dewandaru fruit used as anti-diarrhea, diuretic, anti-rheumatic, antifebrile, and antidiabetic. Dewandaru leaf extract can be used as a hypotensive agent and inhibits elevated levels of triglycerides and plasma glucose.
Dewandaru plant habitations are usually done with seedlings from seeds, but some are also done by grafting