About Star Fruit Carambola
Star Fruit Carambola comes from Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, and has spread to the corner Southeast Asia, Dominican Republic, Brazil, Peru, Ghana, Guyana, Tonga, and Polynesia. Starfruit production centers in Indonesia are Deli Serdang (North Sumatra), Depok (Jabar), Demak (Central Java) and Blitar (East Java). Star Fruit Carambola plants can grow in the lowlands to a height of 500 m asl with intensity irradiation 45-50%. Plant height ranges from 5-12 m, has many branches with stem diameter 10-30 cm. If it is old, the surface of the rod is rough and there are many bulges. Starfruit contains many vitamin C, nutritious to treat diabetes, cholesterol, cough, sore throat, and fever, to treat malaria can utilize the flowers, while the leaves treat ulcer disease, urine, hypertension, and ulcers. and its roots can to treat rheumatic diseases.
Characteristic of Star Fruit Carambola
Leaves star fruit classified odd-pinnate with 21-45 pairs of children leaves. A child leaves short-stem, pinnate-bearing, oval to jorong, pointed tip, rounded base, flat edge, 2-10 cm long, 1-4 cm wide, green, and the lower surface of the leaves is light green. The sweet flower is a compound flower of panicle, group, out of stem or large branching, hanging, small star-shaped flowers, petals 4-7 mm long, red, crown on the middle arm, oval, 6- 8 mm, purplish red.
The star fruit is oval-shaped rectangular, 4-13 cm long, the color of young green fruit while after the yellowish green. Ripe watery fruit with a lot of sour to sweet. The fruit has a star-shaped cross-section when cut, so known as star fruit.
Propagation of this plant generatively using the seeds in the fruit. And by vegetative can also be transplanted from plants that have grown. For the scale of production and plantation, the seeds used are seeds from grafting or grafting. Seeds derived from the seeds that are attached or taped dg entrees from an adult plant. So the productivity faster.