Monthly Archives: April 2017

Know About Guava Fruit Plant (Psidium guajava L.)

About Guava Fruit Plant

Guava Fruit Plant comes from islands in the Caribbean Sea, mainland Central America, and northern South America, then spread throughout the world, including Indonesia. Guava Fruit Plant includes shrubs and has many branches and twigs stem of perennials. The outer surface of the skin is brown and slippery.

 

Guava Fruit Plant

Guava Fruit Plant

Characteristic of Guava Fruit Plant

Guava Fruit Plant leaves are not complete because the structure consists of stems and leaf strands. The location of the widest part of the leaf is in the middle and has a jorong because the ratio of length and width is 1.5-2: 1 (13-15: 5.6-6 cm).

flower of Guava Fruit Plant

flower of Guava Fruit Plant

Guava Fruit Plant requires temperatures of 23- 28 ° C during the day, dry and humid climate with rainfall of 1,000-2,000 mm/year. Plants can grow in almost all regions in Indonesia. The altitude of the suitable place is less than 1,200 m asl and the soil pH is 4.5-8.2. Small flowers are white and appear in the armpits of the leaves. The inflorescence consists of 1-3 flowers, 2-4 cm long inflorescence hilt.

The perfect flower with a distinct flower ornament can be distinguished in the petals and the crown of flowers. The crown leaf is oval reversed, with a length of 1.5-2 cm, white, and quickly fall out. Stamens are found on the base bulbs of feathers, white, flat and wide, like a pistil stalk, colored like butter. Calyx tube / funnel, 0.5 cm long, not falling edge (1 cm long). Will fruit drowned with 1-8 will seed every room. The various appearance of guava fruit. The fruit contains lots of vitamin C and fiber. Red fleshy fruits rich in vitamin A and antioxidants. Leaves are useful for treating cough and diarrhea.

Fruit of Guava Fruit Plant

Fruit of Guava Fruit Plant

The Guava Fruit Plant variegata, featuring variegata leaves and fruits but the size and shape is the same as other guavas

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Guava Fruit Plant cultivation is mostly vegetative with grafts, or seeds derived from the grafting process. In addition to naturally, the spread of this plant comes from the seed itself.

 

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