About Lime Fruit Plant, Citrus aurantifolia Swingle
Lime Fruit Plant, comes from Southeast Asia. Plants have many branches and twigs, with a height of 3.5 m, woody stems ductile, prickly and hard. The outer skin surface is dark green and dull. Leaves are compound, elongated with rounded base, blunt end. The length of the leaves ranges from 2.5-9 cm and 2-5 cm wide.
Leaf bone pinnate with wing stalk, green, and width 5-25 mm. Lime can grow in areas with an altitude of 200-1,300 m asl, rainfall 1,000-1,500 mm / year. With temperatures ranging from 20-30oC, with medium irradiation.
Small white flowers, single / single type, grow in leaf axillary or at the end of the stem with a diameter of 1.5-2.5 cm. Flower petals shaped like a bowl sharing 4-5 with a diameter of 0.4-0.7 cm of yellowish white and yellowish white cylindrical pistil sticks. The crown leaves are 4-5, ovoid or lanceolate with length 0.7-1.25 cm and width 0.25-0.5 cm are white.
Characteristic of Lime Fruit Plant
The fruit is usually round, green or yellow, 3-6 cm in diameter, sour and slightly bitter. Limes can heal a variety diseases include hemorrhoid, tonsillitis. Can heal cough, and cough with influenza, body odor, kidney stones, diphtheria. Also can heal fever, irregular menstruation, acne, sore throat, and high blood pressure. Lime is also useful for beauty, among others, make the nails so brilliant, smooth hair, soft and sparkling, and can eliminate dandruff.
Lime fruit is widely used in addition to traditional raw material beverages, as well as raw materials for industrial beverage scale, as well as herbal industry, especially traditional Indonesian herbal medicine, as well as for cuisine, such as soto.
Cultivation of this plant can be seedlings derived from seeds, can with seeds that come from the graft or also from seed grafting or grafting results. For the plantation scale, the seeds used are grafted seeds, because they have several advantages, such as the rapid fruiting, and the quality of fruit produced can be standard