About Melon Fruit Plants
For those of you who want to. know more about melon fruit plants can learn it here. You can learn to know about the habitat, the benefits, the form of trees, foliage or flowers from melon fruit plants. Melon Fruit Plants are a group of tropical fruit plants.
History of Melon Fruit
Melon Fruit are native to Africa, but some literature says originally from West Asia. The center of the spread of this plant among others in the European region then extends to the American continent and eventually spread widely throughout the world, both in subtropical and tropical climates. Melons include seasonal crops, creeping on the ground or propagated. The stems are a dull, blond, soft, and branched shape. Long melon plants can reach 1.5-3 m.
Ecology and anatomy of Melon Fruit Plants
The leaves are green with the shape “bercangap” or fingers angled five, notched 3-7 and 8-15 cm in diameter. The leaves are supported by a petiole whose extension is the parent of the leaf bone. Rough hairy leaf surface. The arrangement of intermittent leaves. Melon fruit plants have tendrils contained in each axillary leaves.
The melon plants grow well at altitudes of 300-1,000m altitude, full sunshine 10-12 hours/day, temperature 28-30o C, moisture 70- 80%, minimum 60%, rainfall 2.000-3.000 mm / year, soil pH 5,8-7,2 and the ideal ranges from 6.0 to 6.8.
Bell-shaped melon flowers, yellow, mostly unisexual-monoecious, meaning the location of male flowers and separate female flowers, not in one flower but still in one plant. Male flower 3-5 fruit group, contained in all armpit leaves, expect in the armpit of the leaf contained female flowers.
Male flowers have thin and long stems will fall out within 1-2 days after bloom. The female flowers are formed singly with short, thick stalks. Female flowers will fall out if not pollinated within 2-3 days.
They are in the armpits the 1st or 2nd leaf from various branches.
The Fruit of Melon Fruit Plants
Melon fruit skin is not too thick but hard and tough. The skin of the fruit is composed of layers of the epidermis in general nets. The mesodermic layer has a thickness of 1 mm, the endodermic layer is directly adjacent to the fruit. Layered mesoderm and endodermis dark green, which distinguishes it from the flesh of light green or orange.
Among the fruit cavity, there is a collection of melon seeds that are wrapped in the white and slimy placenta. Melon seeds are generally light brown, an average length of 0.9 mm and a diameter of 0.4 mm. In one melon there are 200- 600 seeds.
Melon fruit is usually eaten fresh as a fruit table or sliced as a mixture of fruit ice. Fruits contain anticoagulants (adenosine) that can prevent stroke and heart disease. The high content of carotenoids melons can prevent cancer and reduce the risk of lung cancer.