About The Betel Palm
The Betel Palm or areca tree has as its geographical area of origin Eastern India and Malaysia. It produces a fruit, the areca nut, which is often chewed with betel leaf, in several regions of the Asian continent. All that is wrong with the areca, different from the betel which is a climbing vine, the name of betel palm and the fruit called betel nut. Thus the areca which is commonly called betel palm has the scientific name Areca catechu, it belongs to the botanical family of Arecaceae.
Caracteristic of The Betel Palm
Top 10 to 20 meters, the betel palm has a single trunk and slender 25 to 40 cm in diameter. The leaves of green color, are arranged at the top of the trunk. They are pinnate and have a length of one to two meters. Grouped into panicles, the yellow or cream white flowers are scented. The oval-shaped fruit is first yellow, then turns orange when mature. This fruit is a drupe containing a single seed.
Cash of The Betel Palm
The Betel Palm or Areca catechu belongs to the genus Areca which includes about 60 species including Areca ridleyana, Areca guppyana and Areca hutchinsoniana. The first species mentioned is native to Malaise, it is one meter high, the second one with a height of 3 meters, and its geographical area of origin is the Solomon Islands and New Guinea. As for the third, it rises to 5 meters and comes from the Philippines.
The Betel Palm cultivation
The betel palm has a preference for sunny or semi-shaded exposures, moist, light, sandy-loamy, deep and well-drained soils. The plant has a low tolerance for waterlogging, extreme temperatures, large temperature variations during the day. It enjoys average annual temperatures between 21 and 28 ° C and average annual precipitation above 1500 mm.
The sowing of the seeds is the mode of propagation of this palm tree. After shady germination in the nursery that lasts an average of 2 to 3 months, the shoots are transplanted, when five leaves appear, before the final establishment in holes deep enough not to pinch the roots. This plantation takes place at the beginning of the rainy season.
Cultural interview of The Betel Palm
The plants have little competition from weeds and need moist soil. For this reason, regular weeding and mulching to maintain soil moisture are n
Harvesting The Betel Palm nut
The betel palm is planted for the purpose of harvesting fruit, especially betel nut or areca nut. The fruits are harvested when they have reached physiological maturity and display an orange color. To do this, the palm tree is climbed to cut the bunches of fruit. Also, for cutting clusters, the planter can also use a knife fitted.
Uses of betel palm and its fruit
Betel palm is an ornamental plant that beautifies gardens and courtyards. Apart from the decorative aspect, the flowers make it possible to concoct several culinary preparations, especially the sautéed areca pepper with minced pork. The areca nut is consumed as a masticatory. This fruit is, for this purpose, grated or minced and combined with calcium oxide and tobacco, and then wrapped in a betel leaf. The whole is chewed slowly and slowly in order to enjoy the stimulating and refreshing effects of the walnut which is rich in tannins and alkaloids. In addition to these stimulating properties, the areca nut has vermifugal, cardiotonic, and bicicidal properties.