Horticultural Agribusiness: Datura
Horticultural Agribusiness. Datura is a plant of the family Solanaceae that causes significant psychotropic effects as a result of its consumption. It is widespread in Mexico and the southwestern United States. Many datura species are cultivated and naturalized in the tropical and temperate zones of the world. The majority of Datura plants are poisonous. However, these plants are of great use in the pharmacological sphere. One of the best-known species in Europe is Datura stramonium, also known as the “trumpet of angels” or “thorny apple”.
Horticultural Agribusiness: Characteristic Datura
Plants annual or perennial short-lived, daturas can be 2 meters high. All their parts are covered with trichomes dwarf or not, and often sticky. The leaves of these plants are whole or sinuate and petiolate. As for the flowers, they are erect with a funnel-shaped corolla – it is said that the corolla is infundibuliform – 5 and 20 cm long. The fruit produced by datura is a capsule of diameter between 5 and 10 cm. It is covered with tapered spines and trichomes and contains nearly 500 brown seeds.
Horticultural Agribusiness: Cash of Datura
The US Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) distinguishes some more or less known datura species: Ferox datura with prickly prickles, Datura inoxia with datura inoxia inoxia and datura inoxia lanosa, datura leichhardtii, datura metel, datura quercifolia, probably a variety of the ferox species with which it hybridizes easily. and datura stramonium of which a known variety is datura stramonium tatula. And to this list, it should be added: datura sanguinea, datura suaveolens
Horticultural Agribusiness: Composition of Datura
All types of alkaloids, including scopolamine, atropine and hyosciamine, are found in all datura organs. These alkaloids have analogies with typical hallucinogens even though their action is specific. They block the effect of a chemical mediator of the parasympathetic nervous system called acetylcholine. The alkaloids of datura are antichominergic and belong to the group of delusional hallucinogens. In the genome of Datura stramonium, there are 12 chromosomes with viable trisomy for each.
Horticultural Agribusiness: Psychotropic effects of Datura
The scopolamine and hyosciamine present in the plant cause a confusional state comparable to an episode of early acute psychosis during which real hallucinations occur. In this case it is impossible for the subject to distinguish his external environment from his inner world. It is also affected by auditory hallucinations that materialize by an impression of being challenged by people or objects. At the same time, he has various visual hallucinations with a confusion of colors and a vision of animals or missing persons. The individual also has the impression of stealing, being insensitive to pain and finally losing the reason altogether. It can even die in case of abuse of the plant. The effects of datura are so important that its sale as a narcotic is prohibited in France. Offenders are punished with a fine of 75,000 euros and 5 years imprisonment.
Horticultural Agribusiness: Consumption of Datura
The plant is, despite everything, consumed in some areas. But people avoid more roots in which the concentration of alkaloids is very high. The leaves, stems and seeds of datura are the most consumed parts. These parts of the plant are usually infused. In some areas, Datura leaves are dried and often mixed with tobacco before smoking.