Prospective Agribusiness: The Tamarillo

Prospective Agribusiness: The Tamarillo

Prospective Agribusiness. Solanum betaceum is the scientific name of tamarillo, a plant of the genus Solanum belonging to the Solanaceae family. This plant is native to the Andean Cordillera, South America, and is grown in Ecuador, Colombia and several other hot regions. The tamarillo is very similar to the tomato, which has earned it the name of “tomato tree”. It is also called “shrub tomato” and “Japanese plum”.

Prospective Agribusiness: Characteristic The Tamarillo

Tamarillo is a red or orange-pink fruit that is slightly larger than a chicken egg. It is indeed between 5 cm and 10 cm long. His skin is smooth and satiny while his flesh is full of a multitude of small blackish seeds. There are several varieties of tamarillo and there are two that are more important than others commercially. This is the golden orange variety whose flesh is yellowish and the Bordeaux variety has an orange flesh.

Prospective Agribusiness: Tamarillo culture

The tamarillo can not withstand negative temperatures. This is why its cultivation is possible in the Mediterranean region and also on the Atlantic coast, provided that winter protection is provided. It is necessary, however, that the field of culture be struck by a good sun and that it is not crossed by strong winds. The soil chosen for the production of tamarillo must be well drained and rich. Fertilization must therefore be done regularly.

Prospective Agribusiness: seedling The Tamarillo

In case of fear for the negative temperatures, it is better to grow potted tamarillo. In this case, it is necessary to have at the bottom of it a drainage layer of 5 cm of clay balls. The seed can be done in citrus potting soil. The pot must be exposed to the sun while avoiding too hot places because the soil could quickly dry out. You must take the pot under a greenhouse or under an unheated porch to protect the tamarillo winter freeze. When growing tamarillo indoors, a period of vegetative rest is expected during the winter.

Prospective Agribusiness: Interview The Tamarillo

It is good to bring an abundance of water during the summer, especially when the heat is intense. However, it is necessary to avoid that watering is done at the level of the foliage. In pots, it is necessary to be vigilant and to make sure that the earth is not dry on the surface.

Prospective Agribusiness: Harvest The Tamarillo

The harvest takes place when the tamarillo is ripe. We can even wait for the fruit to reach full maturity. Thus, we can enjoy the taste of tamarillo because consumed before maturity, it is not very good and can even be indigestible. It is also possible to pick the fruit before maturity and wait until it is ripe later, as is often done with tomato.

Prospective Agribusiness: Consumption The Tamarillo

When the tamarillo is ripe, its flesh becomes aromatic and tangy. At this moment, we can consume the raw fruit with a spoon, having opened it in two. Lime juice and sugar are added in order to have a more appreciable taste. Tamarillo is used to make fruit juice, jam and jelly. It is an ingredient also used to make hot sauce, with a mixture of pepper.


The Tamarillo

The Tamarillo


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