Toxic Arnica (Arnica montana and Arnica angustifolia)

How about Toxic Arnica

Arnica is a toxic plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. There are about 30 species including Arnica montana and Arnica angustifolia, two species originating from the Nearctic temperate regions of North America. But in general, arnica is native to the mountainous regions of Europe and southern Russia.

The plant has a sparsely branched flowering stem and leaves fluffy, ovoid and tanned leaves that are opposite to the apex of the stem. The basal leaves form a rosette.Arrnica have large yellow or orange flower heads. Recognizing the flowers of the plant ecause of their mild aromatic odor. The fruit of Arnica resembles a seed surmounted by a plumed pappus of brown or white bristles.


Composition of Toxic Arnica

Most arnica species contain carotenoid pigments responsible for the orange coloring of flowers. These pigments are contain with manganese, as is the case with marigolds . The content of the plant in sesquiterpene lactones is important. The most common are helenaline and dihydohelenaline, which contribute to the bitterness of the herbal drug. Arnica contains alkaloids including arnicine, a very toxic chemical. Ingestion, even at low doses, not recommendation. The plant contain Triterpenic alcohols such as faradiol. Arnica also contains flavonoids and coumarins. The plant provides an essential oil very rich in fatty acids.


Toxicity of Toxic Arnica

Excessive contact with the plant can lead to intoxication which results in the appearance of blisters and hematomas. Muscle stiffness, increased body temperature and high photosensitivity are also noted. Arnica poisoning can cause irritation of the mucous membranes of the intestine, stomach and kidneys. Ingestion of this plant at high doses may result in death. Active pharmacy charcoal can reduce the effect of intoxication while waiting for help to arrive.

Use of Toxic Arnica

In European pharmacopoeias, arnica can use to put in place remedies for small traumas such as menstrual disorders and hematomas. The properties of the plant also help treat wounds as well as sprains and bruises.


Toxic Arnica

Toxic Arnica

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