Agriculture of Fruit Vegetables: The pumpkin
Agriculture of Fruit Vegetables: The pumpkin. Belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae, pumpkin is native to tropical areas of South America. It is a vegetable plant which growth for its edible fruit. And the term pumpkin also allows to designate this fruit if that is consume as a vegetable. The plant is one of the 5 most common squash species and should not be confused with pumpkin even if both plants are from the same family.
Agriculture of Fruit Vegetables: The varieties of pumpkin
There is a variety of pumpkin grouping into 4 groups. These are classic pumpkins, pumpkins, pumpkins and Hubbard squash .
Classical pumpkins: The characteristic this variety is large, ribbed fruits with generally orange and watery flesh. The biggest squash has identify in this group, namely the Atlantic giant which weighs about 600 kg! The bright red Etampes, Green Hokkaïdo, Black Brazil or Olive Green are examples of classic pumpkins.
The pumpkins: These pumpkins are distinguishe from their pear shape and their floury flesh leaving a chestnut flavor. The pumpkins are usually brick red. Uchiki kuri, Red kuri, Akaguri and French potimarron are examples of pumpkins.
Giraumons: The pumpkins of this variety have a Turkish bonnet shape and sweet flesh. The nickname are “pumpkin turban” or “Turkish bonnet” and the Petit de Chine is an example.
Hubbard squash: This is a pumpkin variety of oblong shape, with a hard skin sometimes bumpy and ribbed. Its usual color is green, although it is not uncommon to see orange-red or blue-gray. Hubbard’s green squash is the best variety of this.
Agriculture of Fruit Vegetables: Pumpkin growing
Whatever the species of pumpkin to grow, sowing must be necessarily. March is more conducive to this culture. It is possible to plant under cover, directly in the ground or bucket. The seeds of the plant are more or less large and flatten. For sowing in a bucket, it is necessary to drive 2 or 3 per bucket. The emergence is complete after 9 days and only the most vigorous plants are keep. Germination extends over a period of 4 to 5 days. To stimulate the development of plants, it is better to pinch the stems above the 3rd or 4th leaf. An abundant watering is necessary for the cultivation of the pumpkin.
Agriculture of Fruit Vegetables: Cultivation conditions of pumpkins.
Once the plants are well, it is advisable to mulch them at the foot so that their freshness and the soil are preservein moisture. Given its tropical origin, artificial heat is necessary during a crop started before May. It is best to avoid periods of frost for the crop to prevent the fruits and stems from disrupte. Pumpkin grows best on light garden grounds. For better plant growth can use Siliceous compost.
Agriculture of Fruit Vegetables: Harvesting pumpkins
The first clue to consider in order to be certain that the harvest time for pumpkins has arrived is the foliage. As soon as it turns yellow, it dries out and the peduncles are easily detached because the vegetable has reached maturity. Harvesting usually starts at the end of the summer, 3-4 months after sowing. In addition, the pumpkin is sometimes picked several days before the time indicated for the harvest to increase the shelf life.
Agriculture of Fruit Vegetables: Pumpkin consumption
All varieties of pumpkin can be eat with cook and in various ways. The vegetable can thus integrate the preparation of purees, soups, pies and many other culinary preparations. The pumpkin’s flesh is also delicious when cut into small pieces. Its seeds can be roast and eat as an aperitif.
Agriculture of Fruit Vegetables: Preservation of pumpkins
Pumpkins are kept without much difficulty. They can be kept for 6 to 1 year in one place, provided it is cool and dry. It is also possible to preserve the vegetable by opting for the technique of freezing . In this regard, the pumpkins must be cooked and turn into puree or soup. Blanching is also a method from which the vegetable can be subjected to the cold for many months.