Category Archives: Tropical Plant

Learn More About Melon Fruit Tropical Plants and their ecology

About Melon Fruit Plants

For those of you who want to. know more about melon fruit plants can learn it here. You can learn to know about the habitat, the benefits, the form of trees, foliage or flowers from melon fruit plants. Melon Fruit Plants are a group of tropical fruit plants.

History of Melon Fruit

Melon Fruit are native to Africa, but some literature says originally from West Asia. The center of the spread of this plant among others in the European region then extends to the American continent and eventually spread widely throughout the world, both in subtropical and tropical climates. Melons include seasonal crops, creeping on the ground or propagated. The stems are a dull, blond, soft, and branched shape. Long melon plants can reach 1.5-3 m.

Ecology and anatomy of Melon Fruit Plants

The leaves are green with the shape “bercangap” or fingers angled five, notched 3-7 and 8-15 cm in diameter. The leaves are supported by a petiole whose extension is the parent of the leaf bone. Rough hairy leaf surface. The arrangement of intermittent leaves. Melon fruit plants have tendrils contained in each axillary leaves.

The melon plants grow well at altitudes of 300-1,000m altitude, full sunshine 10-12 hours/day, temperature 28-30o C, moisture 70- 80%, minimum 60%, rainfall 2.000-3.000 mm / year, soil pH 5,8-7,2 and the ideal ranges from 6.0 to 6.8.

Bell-shaped melon flowers, yellow, mostly unisexual-monoecious, meaning the location of male flowers and separate female flowers, not in one flower but still in one plant. Male flower 3-5 fruit group, contained in all armpit leaves, expect in the armpit of the leaf contained female flowers.

Male flowers have thin and long stems will fall out within 1-2 days after bloom. The  female flowers are formed singly with short, thick stalks. Female flowers will fall out if not pollinated within 2-3 days.

They are in the armpits the 1st or 2nd leaf from various branches.

The Fruit of Melon Fruit Plants

Melon fruit skin is not too thick but hard and tough. The skin of the fruit is composed of layers of the epidermis in general nets. The mesodermic layer has a thickness of 1 mm, the endodermic layer is directly adjacent to the fruit. Layered mesoderm and endodermis dark green, which distinguishes it from the flesh of light green or orange.

Among the fruit cavity, there is a collection of melon seeds that are wrapped in the white and slimy placenta. Melon seeds are generally light brown, an average length of 0.9 mm and a diameter of 0.4 mm. In one melon there are 200- 600 seeds.

Melon fruit is usually eaten fresh as a fruit table or sliced as a mixture of fruit ice. Fruits contain anticoagulants (adenosine) that can prevent stroke and heart disease. The high content of carotenoids melons can prevent cancer and reduce the risk of lung cancer.

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Know More About Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants

History of Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants

Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants  is one of the exotic fruit, from Papua. And for those of you who want to know more about Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants  is one of the exotic fruit, from Papua. And for those of you who want to know more about matoa, please listen to more our article here.

Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants, growing spread from Sri Lanka and the Andaman Islands through Southeast Asia, to Fiji and Samoa. This plant also present in some areas in Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua New Guinea.

Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants, growing spread from Sri Lanka and the Andaman Islands through Southeast Asia, to Fiji and Samoa. Matoa is also present in some areas in Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua New Guinea. The spread of Matoa in Papua is almost all over the land, starting from the lowlands up to a height of ± 1,700 m above sea level. Matoa grows well in areas not covered by a thick layer of soil. The required rainfall is more than 1,200 mm / year.

Typical Plant, Leave and Flower of Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants

Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants, height can reach 18 m with stem diameter reaching 1 m.  The Leaves are large, round to round, bony leaves firmly protruding downwards. The petiole reaches 1 m. Flower type compound emerged from the end of the petiole. Oval-shaped fruit oval-sized quail egg, slippery skin, green when young and turned into dark brown after cooking. Skin of thin and dry fruit, clear fruit flesh, chewy, sweet, and watery. Blackish-brown and shiny seeds.

Fruit Of Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants

Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants  fruit rich in vitamin C and E, but has saturated glucose content. Vitamin C can use as an antioxidant that can ward off free radicals and increase endurance. Vitamin E can help to lighten stress, provide nutrients to the skin, and minimize the risk of cancer and coronary heart disease.

The cultivation of Matoa, Pometia pinnata Forster, Papuan Fruit Plants are still using seedlings from seeds. Although using seedlings from generative seeds, for this plant Matoa flavor which is produced from plants that sowing from the seed is not far from its parent. And given the growth of plants and roots relatively quickly, it is not recommended for multiplication with grafts and grafting. Because of concerns will be prone to collapse.

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Know About Cat Eye, Litchi Wild, Exotic Fruits Plant From Borneo

Introducing about Cat Eye, Litchi Wild, Exotic Fruits Plant From Borneo

For those of you who want to know more about Cat Eye, Litchi Wild, Exotic Fruits Plant From Borneo

plant, you can follow our article here. The scientific name of Cat Eye, Litchi Wild, Exotic Fruits Plant From Borneo is Euphoria malesianus

Cat Eye, Litchi Wild, Exotic Fruits Plant From Borneo plant originated in Southeast Asia. The most genetic diversity is found in Borneo, which can be distinguished into 30-40 local races.

Ecology and anatomy of Cat Eye, Litchi Wild, Exotic Fruits Plant From Borneo

This plant is also found in Sabah and the Philippines. Plant height can reach 20-30 m with a semicircle canopy shape. Compound leafy plants with a length of 12-19.5 cm with 7-8 leaflets. The length of the petiole ranges from 4.4 to 8.6 cm, the length of leaflets 6.9 -20.1 cm with a width of 3.1-7.9 cm, dark green. The shape of oval leaflets with a length of 2-3 times the width. The length of the leaflets 0.2-0.6 cm. Flowers appear on the edge of the branch. In one plant there are male flowers, female flowers, and hermaphrodite flowers. Usually, only the hermaphrodite flowers are the fruit. Small fruit (1.5-2 cm in diameter), round, brown spotted.

This plant is tolerant of hot temperatures, high humidity, high rainfall, long days and other conditions from equatorial areas in the range well in the lowlands to the altitude of 1,000 m asl, 2500 rainfall -4,000 mm / year, temperature 25-32oC, and relative humidity 80-95%. Plants grow well on alluvial soil, clay soil, limestone, and fertile clay with a pH of 4.5-8. Leaves cat’s eye contains quercitrin and quercetin that have antioxidant and antiviral properties, also contains saponins, tannins, fats.

 

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Know About Passion Fruits Plant (Passiflora edulis Sims.)

About Passion Fruits Plant, Passiflora edulis Sims.

For those of you who want to know more about Passion Fruits Plant, Passiflora edulis Sims. please read more article in here. Passion Fruits Plant, Passiflora edulis Sims is a tropical and subtropical plant originating in South America, Brazil. In Indonesia, many passion fruit cultivated in North Sumatra, West Sumatra, South Sulawesi, West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, and Bali.

Ecology of Passion Fruits Plant, Passiflora edulis Sims.

Single-flowered, round, androgynous flower, located in leaf axle, jagged, 3-4 cm long and green. Stalked, tube-shaped, about 6 cm long, and yellow. The number of petals five and the crown of interest are also five oval-shaped with a purple grooved surface, the number of stamens five and three pistils.

Passion Fruits Plant, Passiflora edulis Sims. can flower at any time, but the main season in Indonesia occurs in December / January and June. Passion fruit is slightly oval, 4-6 cm long. The skin is light green, after cooking changes the color becomes violet. Fruit skin is thin, clay, and impact resistant at the time of transportation. The inside of the fruit is covered by a white layer (endocarp) that contains many pectin.

Variation of Passion Fruits Plant, Passiflora edulis Sims Fruit

This fruit has many black seeds. and there by a membrane containing sweet and sweet-smelling sweet-smelling juice that wraps around the seed. Passion fruit, especially purple passion fruit, grows at an altitude of 800-1,500 m asl with a slope of no more than 15%. The minimum rainfall required to grow perfectly is 1,200 mm per year, relative humidity 80-90%, temperature 20-30 ° C, not much wind, and soil pH 6.5-7.5.

The benefit from Passion Fruits Plant, Passiflora edulis Sims

This fruits contains many phytochemicals that are able to kill cancer cells, rich in B vitamins and potassium. Passion Fruit efficacious cure chronic allergic symptoms. They can restore liver and kidney disease and boost immunity and the power of antibodies in the blood. Passion fruit  is also able to filter, separate, and remove toxins from the body. In addition, passion fruit can also increase freshness body skin and stimulate young cell growth on facial skin. Passion fruit contains high doses of vitamin C and antioxidants. Propagation of this plant can use seeds that sow.

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Know About Big Passion Fruits Plant

About Big Passion Fruits Plant

For those of you who want to know more about the Big Passion Fruits Plant you can learn it here. The scientific name of Big Passion Fruits Plant / Erbis is Passiflora quadrangularis L. Big Passion Fruits Plant comes from South America and spreads to the tropical lowlands. The plant is cultivated on a small scale in South and Central America, Hawaii, Southeast Asia and Australia.

Ecology of Big Passion Fruits Plant

The ideal place height for Big Passion Fruits Plant plants is 200-500 m above sea level, the soil contains a lot of organic matter and pH 5,5-6,5. In the lowlands, especially near sea level, the fruits are few, whereas in the highlands the growth is slow. To be able to grow well, this plant requires an open location despite tolerance of shade.

Anatomy of Big Passion Fruits Plant

Plants are not resistant to the condition of the waterlogged land. Flower type single, round, cup-shaped, hermaphrodite and attached to leaf axle, jagged ridges, 3-4 cm long green, oval-shaped crown, purple-lined surface, tubular-shaped stem with ± 6 cm purple, cylindrical sari head with ± 6 cm long white, a short yellow pistil with green oval-shaped petals. Leaves and stalks of passion fruit leaf are partially perceived as fingers and some are not. Rang ranges between small, slim, until very long, grow to propagate with the help of spiral-shaped tendril (spiral). Passion fruit is elliptical with length ± 20 cm, diameter ± 15 cm, the weight of 3-5 kg, greenish white. Fruit that is ripe or ripe yellowish and aromatic typical passion fruit.

The benefit from Big Passion Fruits Plant

The Big Passion Fruits Plant leaves for urine juice, gonorrhea, and fruit in addition to fresh juice (mixed with syrup) can also use as a sedative, is also efficacious to relieve pain (analgesic) and strengthen the lungs. The fruit of this plant is widely used as raw material for making fruit ice because the flesh is fresh and watery and very suitable as a component in the manufacture of ice fruit. Such as passion fruit, the propagation of jumbo passion fruit can use seeds that sow, or cuttings from the tendrils of the trunk, in a way in a bow or grafted. But the easiest to do is to cutting or subdue.

 

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Know Benefit of Mangosteen Fruits Garcinia mangostana L.

The History of Mangosteen Fruits, Garcinia mangostana L.

For those of you who want to know more about Mangosteen Fruits, Garcinia mangostana L. you can learn it here. Mangosteen grows slowly and roots shallow, plant height reaches 25 m, thick and rough leaves. Plants grow from low-altitude to 800 m altitudes. The required rainfall is 1,500-2,500 mm/year with a wet period of 6 months. The green mangosteen flower on the outside and yellow to the deep inside, with four petals.

Round-shaped fruit with weight 75-150 g, smooth and thick skin of fruit measuring 0.6-1.0 cm, pale green fruit color when not immature and dark purple after ripe. The inside of the fruit contains 4-8 seeds with white flesh, the sweet taste of acidity.

Benefit from Mangosteen Fruits

Mangosteen can cure and prevent cancer, prevent cell growth in leukemia disease. It can also prevent some deadly diseases such as diabetes, cancer, arthritis, and heart. Can help  reduce pain, reduce high blood pressure, fight free radicals. Mangosteen fruit is also used for digestion in the body. Because it rich of natural fiber, lower cholesterol levels, overcome the stones kidney and increase energy.

Today the mangosteen peel is widely used as a very popular herb. For the mangosteen variant itself, there are several variants, including white mangosteen, red mangosteen, and purple mangosteen.

Propagation of this Mangosteen Fruits Plant

Propagation of this mangosteen plant generatively using the seeds in the fruit. For the scale of production and plantation, the seeds used are seeds from grafting or grafting. Sticking buds coming from adult plants on seeds derived from seeds.

 

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About Mango Fruits Mangifera indica

About Mango Fruits

The scientific name of Mango Fruits is Mangifera indica

Mango Fruits comes from India and has spread to Southeast Asia. High plants can range between 10-40 m, stems grow upright, branched rather strong with dense leaves forming the canopy like a dome, oval or elongated with a diameter of up to 10 m.

Ecology of Mango Fruits Plant

Mango Fruits plants generally grow in areas with a dry season for 3 months.

Require dry period before and during flowering.  If planted in a wet area, plants get a lot of pest attack and fall fruit when flowers appear in the rain. Mango grown in low and medium lowlands at an altitude of 0-500 m asl produces better fruit with more quantities than in the highlands.

Leaf type of Mango Fruits Plant

Leaf single type, located spread without leaf leverage. The length of the petiole varies between 1.25 -12.5 cm, the base is enlarged and on the upper side there is a groove. Leaf blades are varied but mostly shaped jorong until lanceolate, measuring 2-10 × 8-40 cm, slightly clay-like leather, dark green glossy, tapered with edges of the wavy leaf and pointed tip, and has 12-30 secondary leaf bones. Young leaves usually reddish, purplish or yellowish; which will then turn on the upper surface to a shiny green, while the lower surface is light green. Using the best working technology can be to repair an unproductive old plant, either by organizing a new canopy or with new, more commercial varieties.

Flower of  Mango Fruits Plant

The flowers in the mixed arts, there are male and hermaphrodite. Flower length 6-8 mm. Mango flower stemmed short and fragrant. The flower petals are usually titled five and the flower crown consists of five leaves of flowers, sometimes 4-8. The color of pale yellow flowers, on the part there are 3-5 aging colored lines. The edges of the crown are white. At the time will wilt, the color of the crown of flowers turns into redness. Five juice stamen, but the fertile only one or two while the other sterile. The fertile stamens are usually almost as long as the pistil, about ± 2 mm, while the sterile is shorter. The pistil is reddish and will turn purple when the sari head opens allowing the adult starch to pollinate the pistil’s head. The form of pollen is usually round length, ± 20-35 microns.

Fruit of Mango

Mango fruits include a fleshy type of stone with a size and shape change depending on the variety and variety, ranging from round, oval to oval lengthwise. Fruit length ranges from 25-30 cm. At the tip of the fruit, there is a pointy part called the beak. Above the beak, there is a bending section called sinus, which continues to the abdomen. The skin of the fruit is green, yellowish or red when it is ripe.

Propagation of Mango Fruits

Propagation of this plant generatively using the seeds in the fruit. For the scale of production and plantation, the seeds used are seeds from grafting or grafting. Seeds derived from the seeds that are attached or taped with entrees from an adult plant. So that productivity is faster.

 

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Longan Fruits, Dimocarpus longan Lour

Ecology and anatomy of Longan Fruits, Dimocarpus longan Lour,

Longan Fruits comes from mainland Southeast Asia, plant height can reach 40 m and stem diameter 1m. For those of you who want to know about Longan Fruits plant, please read more here. Longan is suitable to be planted in altitude 200-600 m asl. With wet climate type, and dry season, not more than 4 months, rainfall 1,500-3.000 mm per year with 9-12 month wet and 2-4 dry months. Plants are leafy longan with 2-4 (-6) pairs child leaves. The length of the petiole 1-20 cm, the stalk of the child leaves 0.5-3.5 cm. The children of round leaves elongate, with a length of 1-5 times its width, vary between 3-45 × 1,5-20 cm. Flowers generally are located at the end of the plant with a length of 4-80 cm. Crown of flowers amounted to five strands with a length of 6 mm.

Fruit of Longan Fruits

Fruit is round, yellowish brown, almost bare, slippery, grainy, coarse grain, depending on the type. Thin fruit flesh is white and slightly clear. The seeds wrapper are blackish brown, shiny.

Fruit flesh contains sucrose, glucose, protein, and fat, vitamin A and B, tartaric acid and other phytochemicals. The combination of phytochemical compounds useful to relax the nerves that provide a sedative effect and efficacious overcome anxiety, insomnia, nourish and relieve heart pounding hard. It is recommended to be consumed by people who are in stamina. It can help recovery after the illness.  Can help to improve red blood production, increase appetite and increase energy.

Benefit of Longan Fruits Plant

The root of longan tree is efficacious as smoothly urine and blood circulation. Longan leaves are efficacious as anti-inflammatory and fever dampers. Its seed is useful for relieving pain and stop bleeding. Seeds contain saponin compounds. It can produce a lot of foam. And it can used as a shampoo maker shampoo.

Propagation of Longan Fruits Plant

Propagation of this plant generatively using the seeds in the fruit. For the scale of production and plantation, the seeds used are seeds from grafting or grafting. Sticking buds from adult plants on Seeds derived from seeds.

 

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Kepel or Burahol Fruit, Stelechocarpus burahol

The privileges of Kepel or Burahol Fruit Plant

The scientific name of Kepel or Burahol Fruit Plant are Stelechocarpus burahol. Kepel or Burahol Fruit is a table fruit plant that is a specific flora from Special Region of Yogyakarta Indonesia. Javanese court princess loves Burahol fruit because it can make sweat and urine does not smell sharp.

Ecology of Kepel or Burahol Fruit Plant

The tree is erect, the leaves do not fall out simultaneously, and plant height reaches 25 m. The header is regularly dome-shaped tapered up with a flat or somewhat flat landscape. Main trunk diameter reaches 40cm, brown-grey old to black, which is typically covered by many large bumps. Leaves are oval-jorong until round-egg / lancet, measuring 12-27 cm × 5-9 cm, dark green, not hairy, and 1.5 cm long petiole.

Flower of Kepel or Burahol Fruit Plant

Single-flowered flowers, initially green, then turned whitish, appearing on the bulges in the stem. The male flower is located on the upper trunk and on the older branches, gathered 8-16 buds with a diameter of 1 cm. Female flowers are only found at the base of the stem with a diameter of 3 cm.

Type Fruit of Kepel or Burahol Fruit Plant

Type fruit Burahol fruit like buni. The long of fruit stalk 8 cm. Ripe fruit is almost round wit  brown color. The diameter of fruit 5-6 cm. Shaped seeds pushing, totaling 4-6 grains and about 3 cm long. Fresh fruit weight ranged from 62-105 g, edible part 49% and seed volume 27% of fresh fruit weight. Kepel grows wild on moist and deep soils, in the secondary forests of Java. Plants grow at an altitude of up to 600 m above sea level.

The required rainfall is 2,500-3,000 mm per year with 5-6 month dry and temperature 22-32oC.

The cultivation of this plant, so far still using seedlings from seeds. And this plant is relatively slow growth. From start to grow from seed to plant ready flowering and fruiting takes up to more than 10 years, this plant leaves also most used as herbal to overcome complaints about gout pain.

 

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Know About Chrysophyllum cainito Kenitu Fruit

About Chrysophyllum cainito Kenitu Fruit

Chrysophyllum cainito kenitu Fruit comes from the lowlands of Central America and the West Indies and has spread throughout the tropics. In Southeast Asia, the Chrysophyllum cainito is widely available in the Philippines, Thailand, and Southern Indochina. Trees are always green and growing fast, plant height can reach 30 m, woody stem, and cylindrical, erect, single leaf with rough surface brown, dark gray to white. The tree part removes the sap (thick white sap) when injured. It can grow in the lowlands to altitudes of more than 400 m asl and in areas with a clear dry season.

Ecology and Anatomy of Chrysophyllum cainito Kenitu Fruit

This plant grows well on almost all types of soil and climate. The single leaf is golden brown because of the growing feathers, especially on the underside of leaves and on twigs. The upper surface of the leaves is bright green. Location of leaves alternate, scattering, oval-shaped until around the egg upside with size 3-6 x 5-16 cm, stalk length 0.6-1,7 cm. Flowers located in the armpits of the leaves, 5-35 small flowers long-stemmed flowers, yellowish to mauve, and smelled fragrant. Petals in the form of five strands, round in shape until round eggs, five crown-shaped tubes, egg contents, with lengths up to 4 mm.

Type Fruit of Chrysophyllum cainito Kenitu Fruit

Fruit type buni, round to round breech eggs, 5-10 cm in diameter. Kenitu Fruit type smooth glossy peel skin, purplish-brown or yellowish green to whitish. The skin is a bit thick, tough, lots of latex and cannot be eaten. White flesh or fruit purplish, soft and contains a lot of juice, sweet taste, wrapped in white endocarp consisting of 4-11 space that looks like a star if cut across. Seeds of 3-10 grains, slightly flat oval shape, light brown to purplish black, hard shiny.

Decoction leaves can cure diabetes and rheumatism. While bark can be used as a powerful medicine and cough medicine. The tree is often used as an ornamental plant and shade in the park and roadside. The wood good enough for building materials.

 

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